NASA captured the summer in Saturn with a new snapshot released today by the Hubble Space Telescope , which also reveals the blue Ice Pole, where an astonishing shot, showing how the planet looks at the increasing levels of sunlight, was captured by the Tropic Observatory at 4 July 2020.
Astronomers said that Saturn's rings seen from 839 million miles from Earth are very bright in the image, and two of Saturn's icy moons are also clearly shown in exposure, as the little Mimas located to the right of the image and the Enceladus glacier are at the bottom.
Saturn's atmosphere, which consists primarily of hydrogen and helium, with traces of ammonia, hydrocarbons, methane and water vapor, gives the planet a yellowish-brown color.
Nevertheless, the reddish fog that appears in the northern hemisphere in the image indicates that the summer months may alter the amount of photochemical fog produced, or alternatively change the air cycle and remove ice from the aerosol.
NASA experts also noted the south pole in the image, which is blue, reflecting changes in Saturn's winter hemisphere.
"It's surprising that even over a few years, we are seeing seasonal changes in Saturn," said planetary scientist Amy Simon of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland.
Researchers from NASA said the reason behind the existence of concentric rings of Saturn made from pieces of ice ranging in size from small grains to giant rocks remains a mystery.
This image was taken as part of the Atmospheric Legacy Planet of the Outer Planets project, which aims to develop our understanding of the atmosphere's dynamics and the evolution of the gas giants in our solar system.
Hubble's latest snapshot revealed a number of small air storms, which are seen to come and go every time the telescope is trained annually on Saturn.