Heart attack is becoming common in this era as a result of the nature of life, food, and unhealthy habits used in these days. The symptoms of a heart attack may be simple and not noticed at the beginning, so in this article, we will learn about the most important symptoms of a heart attack.
- What is the heart attack?
The heart, like the rest of the body’s muscles, needs a steady amount of oxygen and nutrients, to be reached by two main branching arteries (coronary arteries), and if one of the arteries or their branches becomes blocked, the supply of oxygen and nutrients in a part of the heart will be less known scientifically. Ischemic heart disease (or ischemia). This blockage is usually caused by the accumulation of fat and cholesterol, and as a result, thrombus forms in these arteries. If this condition continues for a long time, the tissues of the heart will die, which is known as a heart attack. Another cause of thrombosis is an automatic incision in a coronary artery.
- Symptoms of a heart attack.
The symptoms of a heart attack vary, as each patient experiences symptoms that are different from the other, yet the diagnosis remains dependent primarily on them.
Among these symptoms:
- Chest pain: It is usually described as a feeling of either pressure, fullness, or squeezing in the middle part of the chest. The patient may feel that this pain has spread to the jaw, teeth, shoulder, arm, or back.
- Feeling of choking or shortness of breath.
- Pain in the area above the stomach, with or without feeling sick or vomiting, or feeling indigestion.
- Increased sweating.
- Fainting without any other reason for it.
- Feeling anxious.
- Accelerated and irregular heartbeat.
- Cognitive disturbance without any other cause.
During a heart attack, symptoms persist for 30 minutes or more, and the patient does not improve with relief or oral medications. These symptoms first appear as mild discomfort in the chest that develops into severe pain. It is possible for a heart attack in a person without the presence of symptoms, especially if he suffers from diabetes, which is called a silent heart attack.
Factors that increase the chances of developing a heart attack.
Certain factors contribute to the formation of thrombus and the accumulation of fat in the coronary arteries, causing them to narrow. Most of these factors can be avoided and thus reduce the chances of heart attacks. These factors include:
- Age: Male males older than 45 years old, and females over 55 years old are more likely to develop heart attacks.
- High blood pressure: Over time, this disease can destroy the blood vessels that supply the heart and accelerate the formation of thrombosis.
- High blood fat and cholesterol: High levels of harmful (low-density) and triglycerides contribute significantly to the occurrence of clots.
- Smoking and drug use.
- Previous cases of a heart attack in the family.
- Obesity and lack of exercise.
- Complications of the heart attack.
Complications of a heart attack result from damage to the heart tissues. These complications include:
- A heart rhythm disorder: when there is damage to the tissues of the heart, abnormal electrical circuits are formed in the damaged tissue, which in turn affects the electrical conduction of the heart, causing a disturbance in the normal pattern of the heartbeat, and these disorders are serious and may lead To death.
- Heart failure: Heart failure occurs if the affected part of the heart attack is large and is unable to pump blood sufficiently, and this failure is either temporary that disappears after the recovery of the heart or forever.
- Tear heart tissue: tissue damaged from the heart is more likely to tear.
- Defective heart valves.
- Treatment of heart attack.
Early treatment of heart attack is extremely important, as permanent damage to heart tissue is prevented or limited to a minimum. First of all, you should call an ambulance immediately after the first symptoms appear. Treatment can be divided into:
- Immediate medications: those given at the beginning of a thrombus, even before the diagnosis is confirmed. These medications include aspirin to prevent the formation of another thrombus, and nitroglycerin to reduce the effort in the heart and to improve blood pumping through the coronary arteries and oxygen, as well as administering analgesics to relieve chest pain.
- Medicines to solve thrombosis: It is a group of drugs that work to solve and destroy thrombus that causes coronary artery occlusion, and for these medications to work perfectly, they must be given within a few hours of the start of symptoms or given as soon as possible.
- Coronary artery bypass surgery: It is a non-surgical intervention that involves inserting a catheter tube through a blood vessel (usually in the groin) and delivering it to the blocked heart artery to open it.
- Other treatments: These include many heart medications and surgeries; As beta-blocker drugs, fatty acids (statins), and process (coronary bypass graft).
- Habits that help the heart recover and stay healthy.
Treatment for a heart attack includes healthy habits that the patient must follow to reduce the chances of a stroke, again. These include:
- Eating healthy food for the heart: This includes products that are low or low fat, fish rich in omega-3 fats, vegetables, fruits, and whole legumes, as well as avoid eating foods containing saturated fat, red meat, palm oil, coconut, and foods and diabetes drinks.
- Maintaining the ideal healthy weight.
- Control of stress: if one study showed that the biggest stimulus for a heart attack is stress, in addition to that, some people, under the influence of tension and nervousness, may resort to bad habits such as smoking, drinking alcohol, or excessive eating, which makes the matter worse.
- Doing exercise: It helps get rid of many of the risk factors for a heart attack, such as high levels of harmful fats, high blood pressure, and weight gain.
- Quit Smoking.
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