Do you know what is the coronary artery, what are its functions, and the disease that may affect it?
What are the apparent symptoms that you should pay attention to well? Here is the complete guide in the following article.
What are the coronary arteries?
Coronary arteries are the arteries responsible for providing the heart muscle with the blood it needs to nourish it. Like other muscles in the body, the heart muscle needs to be fed with blood loaded with oxygen, and it also needs to get rid of bad blood as well.
Coronary arteries are wrapped around the heart, surrounding it, and branching into certain areas of the heart muscle, providing it with the necessary food.
Types of coronary arteries.
There are two different types of coronary arteries in the body, and these are their details:
- Left coronary artery: It is the artery that supplies the left side of the heart with the blood needed to nourish its muscle.
- Right coronary artery: It is the artery that supplies the right side of the heart with the blood needed to nourish its muscle.
This is why coronary arteries are so important!
Since coronary arteries are the main responsible for feeding the heart muscle, any defect or disease in it may have serious health consequences and complications, such as heart attack or even death.
Coronary artery disease
Here's everything you need to know about coronary artery disease:
For various reasons, the fatty substances may accumulate on the inner walls of the coronary blood vessels, which causes them to narrow and make it difficult for the blood to pass through them.
When the passage of blood into the coronary arteries becomes difficult, this may cause the heart muscle to be deprived of the necessary nutrition and necessary oxygen, and over time these arteries may become torn as a result of the accumulation of fat in them, causing a heart attack or even death!
How does coronary artery disease begin?
With age, the accumulation of fat begins inside the blood vessels, especially in people who do not follow a healthy lifestyle, which may lead to the advanced stages of life to the formation of blood clots or a heart attack.
Over time, cells of various types begin to attach to the fat that is already stuck in the walls of the blood vessels, which causes these blood vessels to swell from the outside, and narrow them from the inside.
When the above is mentioned in the coronary arteries, the coronary arteries stop supplying the heart muscle with nourishment carried by the blood due to its total or partial blockage.
Over time, and if one of the coronary arteries bursts due to its closure, a blood clot may prevent the blood supply from reaching the heart muscle, causing a heart attack.
Symptoms of coronary artery disease
The main symptoms of coronary artery disease are:
- Pain in chest.
- Choking in the chest (you may feel symptoms in areas other than the chest, such as the shoulder, arms, neck, back, jaw), these are signs:
- Feeling heavy.
- Intermittent pain.
- Feeling of heartburn.
- Numbness and numbness.
- Feeling of fullness.
- Irregular heartbeat.
- General weakness and dizziness.
The symptoms are often more pronounced in women, in particular.
Treating coronary artery disease
The nature of treatment followed varies from person to person and from one case to another, and here are the most important treatments that you may undergo in the event of your injury:
1- Lifestyle changes
This includes a set of healthy habits that the person must follow, such as:
- Eat a diet free of or almost sugar-free, salts, and fats.
- Quit Smoking.
- Follow healthy habits to keep blood sugar under control in people with diabetes.
- Exercise regularly.
2- Certain medications
If the mentioned lifestyle changes are not enough, the doctor can subject the person to drugs appropriate to his condition, such as aspirin and statins.
Depending on the condition of the patient and the severity of the disease, the patient may need surgery. There are several types of surgeries available.
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